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  1. Content type: Proceedings

    The GAW20 simulation data set is based upon the companion Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN) study fenofibrate clinical trial data set that forms the real data example for GAW20. The sim...

    Authors: Aldi T. Kraja, Ping An, Petra Lenzini, Shiou J. Lin, Christine Williams, James E. Hicks, E. Warwick Daw and Michael A. Province

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):25

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  2. Content type: Proceedings

    In this paper, we consider the use of the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-type regression techniques to detect important genetic or epigenetic loci in genome-wide association studies (G...

    Authors: Wenda Zhou and Shaw-Hwa Lo

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):40

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  3. Content type: Proceedings

    Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) have traditionally focused on the association test of single epigenetic markers with complex traits. However, it is possible that multiple cytosine-phosphate-guanine (...

    Authors: Biqi Wang, Anita L. DeStefano and Honghuang Lin

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):28

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  4. Content type: Proceedings

    DNA methylation plays an important role in normal human development and disease. In epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS), a univariate test for association between a phenotype and each cytosine-phosphate-...

    Authors: Chong Wu, Jun Young Park, Weihua Guan and Wei Pan

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):60

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  5. Content type: Proceedings

    Mixed models are a useful tool for evaluating the association between an outcome variable and genetic variables from a family-based genetic study, taking into account the kinship coefficients. When there are u...

    Authors: Subha Datta, Yixin Fang and Ji Meng Loh

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):24

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  6. Content type: Proceedings

    Genome-wide association studies have helped us identify a wealth of genetic variants associated with complex human phenotypes. Because most variants explain a small portion of the total phenotypic variation, h...

    Authors: Arthur Porto, Juan M. Peralta, Nicholas B. Blackburn and John Blangero

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):51

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  7. Content type: Proceedings

    DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism that has been proposed as a possible link between genetic and environmental determinants of disease. Prior studies reported robust associations between the methylatio...

    Authors: Sergi Sayols-Baixeras, Hemant K. Tiwari and Stella W. Aslibekyan

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):23

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  8. Content type: Proceedings

    DNA methylation levels at cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites with multimodal distributions among different samples have been reported recently. One possible explanation for such variability is that genetic...

    Authors: Ke Hu and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):36

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  9. Content type: Proceedings

    GAW20 provided a platform for developing and evaluating statistical methods to analyze human lipid-related phenotypes, DNA methylation, and single-nucleotide markers in a study involving a pharmaceutical inter...

    Authors: Nathan L. Tintle, David W. Fardo, Mariza de Andrade, Stella Aslibekyan, Julia N. Bailey, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo, Rita M. Cantor, Saurabh Ghosh, Philip Melton, Xuexia Wang, Jean W. MacCluer and Laura Almasy

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):26

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  10. Content type: Proceedings

    There has been significant interest in investigating genome-wide and epigenome-wide associations with lipids. Testing at the gene or region level may improve power in such studies.

    Authors: Razvan G. Romanescu, Osvaldo Espin-Garcia, Jin Ma and Shelley B. Bull

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):57

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  11. Content type: Proceedings

    In GAW20, we investigated the association of specific genetic regions of interest (ROIs) with log-transformed triglyceride (TG) levels following lipid-lowering medication using epigenetic and genetic markers. ...

    Authors: Summaira Yasmeen, Patricia Burger, Stefanie Friedrichs, Sergi Papiol and Heike Bickeböller

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):47

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  12. Content type: Proceedings

    Genome-wide association studies often collect multiple phenotypes for complex diseases. Multivariate joint analyses have higher power to detect genetic variants compared with the marginal analysis of each phen...

    Authors: Xuan Deng, Biqi Wang, Virginia Fisher, Gina Peloso, Adrienne Cupples and Ching-Ti Liu

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):55

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  13. Content type: Proceedings

    Complex genetic traits are often characterized by multiple quantitative phenotypes. Because values of such phenotypes vary over time, it is thought that analyses of longitudinal data on the phenotypes may lead...

    Authors: Hemant Kulkarni, Indranil Mukhopadhyay and Saurabh Ghosh

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):39

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  14. Content type: Proceedings

    High-throughput platforms allow the characterization of thousands of previously known methylation sites. These platforms have great potential for investigating the epigenetic effects that are partially respons...

    Authors: Marcio Almeida, Juan Peralta, Jose Garcia, Vincent Diego, Harald Goring, Sarah Williams-Blangero and John Blangero

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):29

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  15. Content type: Proceedings

    The Genetic Analysis Workshop (GAW) presents an opportunity to collaboratively evaluate methodology relevant to current issues in genetic epidemiology. The GAW20 data combine real clinical trial data with fict...

    Authors: Elizabeth R. Piette and Jason H. Moore

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):59

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  16. Content type: Proceedings

    In this paper, a fully statistical investigation of the control of family structure as random effects is analyzed and discussed, using both the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data and simulated data. T...

    Authors: Yayun Hsu, Jonathan Auerbach, Tian Zheng and Shaw-hwa Lo

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):42

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  17. Content type: Proceedings

    A Bayesian mixed model approach using integrated nested Laplace approximations (INLA) allows us to construct flexible models that can account for pedigree structure. Using these models, we estimate genome-wide...

    Authors: Haakon E. Nustad, Christian M. Page, Andrew H. Reiner, Manuela Zucknick and Marissa LeBlanc

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):31

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  18. Content type: Proceedings

    In the search for an understanding of how genetic variation contributes to the heritability of common human disease, the potential role of epigenetic factors, such as methylation, is being explored with increa...

    Authors: Jenna Veenstra, Anya Kalsbeek, Karissa Koster, Nathan Ryder, Abbey Bos, Jordan Huisman, Lucas VanderBerg, Jason VanderWoude and Nathan L. Tintle

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):58

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  19. Content type: Proceedings

    Although methylation data continues to rise in popularity, much is still unknown about how to best analyze methylation data in genome-wide analysis contexts. Given continuing interest in gene-based tests for n...

    Authors: Jason Vander Woude, Jordan Huisman, Lucas Vander Berg, Jenna Veenstra, Abbey Bos, Anya Kalsbeek, Karissa Koster, Nathan Ryder and Nathan L. Tintle

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):50

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  20. Content type: Proceedings

    We conducted a genome-wide linkage scan to detect loci that influence the levels of fasting triglycerides in plasma. Fasting triglyceride levels were available at 4 time points (visits), 2 pre- and 2 post-feno...

    Authors: Juan M. Peralta, Nicholas B. Blackburn, Arthur Porto, John Blangero and Jac Charlesworth

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):52

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  21. Content type: Proceedings

    Using data on 680 patients from the GAW20 real data set, we conducted Mendelian randomization (MR) studies to explore the causal relationships between methylation levels at selected probes (cytosine-phosphate-...

    Authors: Lai Jiang, Kaiqiong Zhao, Kathleen Klein, Angelo J. Canty, Karim Oualkacha and Celia M. T. Greenwood

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):20

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  22. Content type: Proceedings

    Even though there has been great success in identifying lipid-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), the mechanisms through which the SNPs act on each trait are poorly understood. The emergence of ...

    Authors: Anne E. Justice, Annie Green Howard, Lindsay Fernández-Rhodes, Misa Graff, Ran Tao and Kari E. North

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):22

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  23. Content type: Proceedings

    To examine whether single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) by methylation interactions can be detected, we analyzed GAW20 simulated triglycerides at visits 3 and 4 against baseline (visits 1 and 2) under 4 genera...

    Authors: E. Warwick Daw, James Hicks, Petra Lenzini, Shiow J. Lin, Judy Wang, Christine Williams, Ping An, Michael A. Province and Aldi T. Kraja

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):37

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  24. Content type: Proceedings

    In a typical genome-enabled prediction problem there are many more predictor variables than response variables. This prohibits the application of multiple linear regression, because the unique ordinary least s...

    Authors: Svetlana Cherlin, Richard A. J. Howey and Heather J. Cordell

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):38

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  25. Content type: Proceedings

    Obesity is a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other chronic diseases. Some drugs, including fenofibrate, are used to treat obesity or excessive weight by lowering the l...

    Authors: Zheng Xu, Qing Duan, Juan Cui, Yumou Qiu, Qidong Jia, Cong Wu and Jennifer Clarke

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):46

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  26. Content type: Proceedings

    The heritability of a phenotype is an estimation of the percent of variance in that phenotype that is attributable to additive genetic factors. Heritability is optimally estimated in family-based sample popula...

    Authors: Nicholas B. Blackburn, Arthur Porto, Juan M. Peralta and John Blangero

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):34

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  27. Content type: Proceedings

    Statistical power, which is the probability of correctly rejecting a false null hypothesis, is a limitation of genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Sample size is a major component of statistical power that...

    Authors: Yuning Chen, Gina M. Peloso and Josée Dupuis

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):56

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  28. Content type: Proceedings

    In this paper we analyzed whole-genome genetic information provided by GAW20 from the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN) study for family data. Lipid levels such as triglycerides (TGs) a...

    Authors: Sarmistha Das, Pronoy Kanti Mondal, Saurabh Ghosh and Indranil Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):41

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  29. Content type: Proceedings

    Epigenome association studies that test a large number of methylation sites suffer from stringent multiple-testing corrections. This study’s goals were to investigate region-based associations between DNA meth...

    Authors: Kaiqiong Zhao, Lai Jiang, Kathleen Klein, Celia M. T. Greenwood and Karim Oualkacha

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):30

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  30. Content type: Proceedings

    Epigenetic modification has an effect on gene expression under the environmental alteration, but it does not change corresponding genome sequence. DNA methylation (DNAm) is one of the important epigenetic mech...

    Authors: Md. Mohaiminul Islam, Ye Tian, Yan Cheng, Yang Wang and Pingzhao Hu

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):21

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  31. Content type: Proceedings

    Homozygosity disequilibrium (HD), indicating a nonrandom pattern of sizable runs of homozygosity that deviates from a random allocation of homozygous and heterozygous genotypes in the genome, is an important p...

    Authors: Hsin-Chou Yang and Chia-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):45

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  32. Content type: Proceedings

    Because of the limited information from the GAW20 samples when only case-control or trio data are considered, we propose eLBL, an extension of the Logistic Bayesian LASSO (least absolute shrinkage and selectio...

    Authors: Xiaofei Zhou, Meng Wang, Han Zhang, William C. L. Stewart and Shili Lin

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):54

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  33. Content type: Proceedings

    GAW20 provided participants with an opportunity to comprehensively examine genetic and epigenetic variation among related individuals in the context of drug treatment response. GAW20 used data from 188 families (

    Authors: Stella Aslibekyan, Laura Almasy, Michael A. Province, Devin M. Absher and Donna K. Arnett

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):35

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  34. Content type: Proceedings

    An increasing number of studies are focused on the epigenetic regulation of DNA to affect gene expression without modifications to the DNA sequence. Methylation plays an important role in shaping disease trait...

    Authors: Rui Sun, Haoyi Weng, Ruoting Men, Xiaoxuan Xia, Ka Chun Chong, William K. K. Wu, Benny Chung-Ying Zee and Maggie Haitian Wang

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):53

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  35. Content type: Proceedings

    The main goal of this paper is to estimate the effect of triglyceride levels on methylation of cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites in multiple-case families. These families are selected because they have 2 ...

    Authors: Angga M. Fuady, Renaud L. M. Tissier and Jeanine J. Houwing-Duistermaat

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):33

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  36. Content type: Proceedings

    Triglycerides are an important measure of heart health. Although more than 90 genes have been found to be associated to lipids, they only explain 12 to 15% of the variance in lipid levels. Evidence suggests th...

    Authors: Tony Huayang Gao, Jianjun Zhang, Diaz Medina Miguelangel and Xuexia Wang

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):49

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  37. Content type: Proceedings

    Bayesian networks have been proposed as a way to identify possible causal relationships between measured variables based on their conditional dependencies and independencies. We explored the use of Bayesian ne...

    Authors: Richard A. J. Howey and Heather J. Cordell

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):19

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  38. Content type: Proceedings

    DNA methylation, an epigenetic modification, can be affected by environmental factors and thus regulate gene expression levels that can lead to alterations of certain phenotypes. Network analysis has been used...

    Authors: Elise Lim, Hanfei Xu, Peitao Wu, Daniel Posner, Jiayi Wu, Gina M. Peloso, Achilleas N. Pitsillides, Anita L. DeStefano, L. Adrienne Cupples and Ching-Ti Liu

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):27

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  39. Content type: Proceedings

    As part of GAW20, we analyzed the familiality and variability of methylation to identify cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites responsive to treatment with fenofibrate. Methylation was measured at approximate...

    Authors: Rita Cantor, Linda Navarro and Calvin Pan

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):43

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  40. Content type: Proceedings

    Using the real data set from GAW20, we examined changes in the distribution of DNA methylation before and after treatment. Paired analysis of differences in both mean and variance had grossly inflated type 1 e...

    Authors: Angelo J. Canty and Andrew D. Paterson

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):32

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  41. Content type: Proceedings

    The study of DNA methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) helps dissect regulatory mechanisms underlying genetic associations of human diseases. In this study, we conducted the first genome-wide examinatio...

    Authors: Jiayi Wu Cox, Devanshi Patel, Jaeyoon Chung, Congcong Zhu, Samantha Lent, Virginia Fisher, Achilleas Pitsillides, Lindsay Farrer and Xiaoling Zhang

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):44

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  42. Content type: Proceedings

    Triglyceride (TG) concentrations decrease in response to fenofibrate treatment, and also are associated with DNA methylation. But how interactions between fenofibrate response and DNA methylation affect TGs re...

    Authors: Jih-Chang Yu, Fang-Chi Hsu and Yen-Feng Chiu

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 9):48

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 9

  43. Content type: Meeting Report

    Dissemination of research results is a key component of the research continuum and is commonly achieved through publication in peer-reviewed academic journals. However, issues of poor quality reporting in the ...

    Authors: Jacqueline Galica, Alyssandra Chee-a-tow, Shikha Gupta, Atul Jaiswal, Andrea Monsour, Andrea C. Tricco, Kelly D. Cobey and Nancy J. Butcher

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 10):18

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 10

  44. Content type: Meeting report

    The use of digital technologies to improve access to health is gaining momentum in Africa. This is more pertinent with the increasing penetration of mobile phone technology and internet use, and calls for inno...

    Authors: Candide Tran Ngoc, Noella Bigirimana, Derrick Muneene, Juliet Evelyn Bataringaya, Prebo Barango, Hani Eskandar, Raissah Igiribambe, Ayomide Sina-Odunsi, Jeanine Umutesi Condo and Olushayo Olu

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 11):17

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 11

  45. Content type: Review

    Policy and management related to the release of organisms generated by emerging biotechnologies for pest management should be informed through public engagement. Regulatory decisions can be conceptually distin...

    Authors: Michael M. Burgess, John D. Mumford and James V. Lavery

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 8):12

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 8

  46. Content type: Review

    Gene drives are systems of biased inheritance that enhance the likelihood a sequence of DNA passes between generations through sexual reproduction and potentially throughout a local population and ultimately a...

    Authors: James P. Collins

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 8):9

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 8

  47. Content type: Introduction

    In October 2016, a two-day meeting of 65 academic, government and industry professionals was held at North Carolina State University for early-stage discussions about the international governance of gene drives: ...

    Authors: Zachary S. Brown, Lucy Carter and Fred Gould

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 8):10

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 8

  48. Content type: Review

    The emergence of new technologies for genetic modification has broadened the range of possible new products. The regulations of many countries that could benefit from these new products may not be prepared to ...

    Authors: Paulo P. Andrade, Marília Andreza da Silva Ferreira, Marta Silva Muniz and Amaro de Casto Lira-Neto

    Citation: BMC Proceedings 2018 12(Suppl 8):16

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 8