Chimeric virus-like particles presenting common neutralizing epitopes of enterovirus 71
© Wang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 10 January 2011
To develop an effective vaccine against multiple genotypes of enterovirus 71 (EV71), we generated chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) repetitively displaying the common neutralizing epitopes of EV71 and evaluated their immunogenicities in mice. The two conserved epitopes, encompassing amino acids 163-177 and 208-222 of VP1 of EV71, were fused to hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) and expressed in E.coli. The resulting fusion proteins were found to assemble into chimeric VLPs. Both unmodified HBcAg and chimeric VLPs induced HBcAg-specific antibody responses in mice, however, only chimeric VLP-immunized sera possessed EV71 epitope-specific IgG antibodies and efficiently neutralized different EV71 strains. Collectively, our results indicate that the chimeric VLP is capable of eliciting broadly neutralizing antibody responses and is therefore a promising EV71 vaccine candidate.
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