Effect of an infection control programme in enteral feeding bacterial contamination in nursing homes
© Ho et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 29 June 2011
Introduction / objectives
This study was to investigate the effectiveness of an Infection Control Programme (ICP) in knowledge and practice of enteral feeding of nursing home staff, and to explore any enteral feed contamination and correlation among nursing home staff, residents and feeding equipment devices.
It was a quasi- experimental pretest posttest control study. There were 15 residents and 10 nursing home staff in experimental and control groups respectively. An ICP related to enteral feeding was given to the experimental group. The knowledge and practice in enteral feeding among nursing home staff was measured by questionnaires; and 60 pairs of specimens were taken for bacterial counts and MRSA culture from hands of nursing home staff, enteral feed, flow regulators, feeding tube hubs, residents’ nasopharyngeal swabs and gastric fluid before and after ICP.
After ICP, only experimental group had significant improvement in knowledge and practice at p<0.05. Also, hands of nursing home staff, tube hubs, residents’ nasal swabs and gastric content were contaminated with >104 CFU/ml in pretest. This contamination was reduced significantly in the experimental posttest at p<0.05 with no change in the control group. Also, there was a significant decrease in MRSA positive cases in the experimental group from 2.1± 1.6 to 0.4± 0.7 with p<0.05. Moreover, highly correlation between contamination sites of positive MRSA in hands, regulators, gastric content, tube hubs and enteral feed was demonstrated at p<0.05. It showed the closely relationship between the contaminated feed and poor hand hygiene.
The effectiveness of ICP demonstrated by the improvement in experimental enteral feeding contamination conditions. It is strongly to recommend the continuous ICP education.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.