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Reusable tourniquets. An underestimated means for patient transfer of multi-resistant bacteria
BMC Proceedings volume 5, Article number: P38 (2011)
Introduction / objectives
We sought to investigate the use of reusable tourniquets as potential sources of MRO transmission.
100 reusable tourniquets were collected over 10 weeks in a 503-bed Sydney teaching hospital. Tourniquets were incubated overnight in BHI enrichment broth and subcultured.
The colonisation rate was 78% (78/100). Ten grew non multi-resistant Gram- positives - MSSA (1) and Enterococcus species (9), 17 grew commensals. Non multi-resistant Gram-negatives grew in 38 specimens: Pseudomonas species (13) and ‘coliforms’ (26). MROs were found on 25% of tourniquets, including 3 from MRO isolation rooms. An IMP-4 positive E. cloacae and an ESBL E. cloacae were isolated from a single tourniquet each. MRSA was isolated from 14; vanB E. faecium was isolated from 18 and vanA E. faecalis from a single tourniquet. MRSA and VRE were isolated together from nine tourniquets, and 24 tourniquets grew either one. Van B positive E.faecium were typed using DiversiLab rep-PCR system This revealed five clusters without adominant clone. Six of 9 tourniquets from ICU grew at least one MRO. MROs were isolated throughout the 10 week period from a wide variety of locations including general wards, ICU, Burns, theatre anaesthetic bay and the blood collection unit.
Reusable tourniquets are frequently colonised with MROs and may be a potential source of cross-transmission. Using broth enrichment, 24% harboured either MRSA or VRE. Astourniquets are carried from ward to ward by hospital staff and used repeatedly, they may become a ‘sleeper’ mechanism for unrecognised hospital MRO transmission. They are also a surrogate marker for environmental colonisation and deficiencies in hospital cleaning. Continued use of reusable tourniquets may not be justified in the current hospital setting.
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Cite this article
Gottlieb, T., Phan, T., Cheong, E. et al. Reusable tourniquets. An underestimated means for patient transfer of multi-resistant bacteria. BMC Proc 5, P38 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-6561-5-S6-P38
- Public Health
- Teaching Hospital
- Surrogate Marker
- Hospital Setting
- Blood Collection