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  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

Environmental impact assessment and monitoring of genetically modified trees

  • 1Email author,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 4,
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  • 9 and
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BMC Proceedings20115 (Suppl 7) :O59

  • Published:


  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Guidance Document
  • Risk Assessment Study
  • Transgenic Tree
  • Containment Strategy

Transgenic biotechnology can assist forest tree improvement programs but it may also raise environmental safety concerns. The environmental effects of genetically modified transgenic trees (GMTs) have been studied in many countries during the last 15 years. Today there is an urgent need of putting together this scattered knowledge to build-up a European knowledge platform for addressing GMTs in plantations. The main aims of Working Group 2 (WG2) of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action FP0905 “Biosafety of transgenic forest trees” ( are (1) to discuss, based on scientific facts, whether current containment strategies are appropriate or need to be improved for GMTs, (2) to define a common protocol to track the transgene from the laboratory to the final product, and (3) to assess the possible impacts of GMTs on the environment. The potential risks of GMTs, the fate of recombinant material and the potential relevance of recombinant genes on plant´s omics are other main aspects to be considered and compared to similar processes with endogenous genes in conventional breeding. The group involves experts from public research, government and independent regulatory sectors across COST and non-COST member countries. The activities of this group have been organized into three Task Groups focusing on (1) risk assessment studies and guidance documents, (2) the monitoring of the transgenes and recombinant plant material, and (3) the impact of GMTs on exposed ecosystems. As a first step of WG2 activity, a database of guidance documents from national and transnational sources dealing with impacts and risk assessments of GMTs is being created to identify common and case-specific issues on biosafety. It is expected that the information gained will facilitate (1) a science-based understanding of the impacts of GMTs on the environment in comparison with that of traditionally tree breeding, and (2) future socio-economic and cost/benefits analyses of GMTs in plantations.

Authors’ Affiliations

Departamento de Biología Molecular y Bioquímica, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
Department Genetics, Forest Research and Management Institute, 077190 Ilfov, Romania
Finnish Environment Institute, 00251 Helsinki, Finland
Department of Forest Environment and Resources, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Dipartimento di Ortoflorofrutticoltura, University of Florence, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
VIB Department of Plant Systems Biology and, University of Gent, 9052 Gent, Belgium
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 3720BA Bilthoven, Netherlands
UMR1318 INRA-AgroParisTech Versailles, Institute Jean-Pierre Bourgin, 78026 Versailles, France
Institute of Forest Genetics, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, D-22927 Grosshansdorf, Germany
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Genetica Vegetale, 50019 Sesto, Fiorentino, Italy


© Gallardo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.