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Development of an ELISA using the recombinant protein CP1957 of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis for diagnosis of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep

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Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a disease caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis which affects small ruminants such as sheeps and goats, leading to severe economic losses. The development of more sensitive and specific diagnoses showing effectiveness on asymptomatic animals is essential for disease's control. This study purposes the use of the recombinant protein CP1957 of C. pseudotuberculosis in indirect ELISA using sheep sera.


The amplification of the cp1002_1957 gene was performed using the primers F5' CGCGGATCCGGGCCTCGCGACTGG 3' and R5' CCGGAATTCTTACCAGGCGTTCATAACGT 3'. The cp1002_1957 gene was cloned in the BamHI e EcoRI sites of the pAE vector. The recombinant clones (pAE/1957) were characterized enzymatically and by DNA sequencing. E. coli BL21 Star cells were transformed with the pAE/1957 vector for the expression of rCP1957 protein, the induction was performed by the addition of IPTG 1mM to the culture media. The purification was realized by affinity chromatography on a Sepharose column loaded with nickel. The purity was determined using a 12% SDS-PAGE, and the concentration determined by a BCA kit. For indirect ELISA, the purified rCP1957 was utilized as antigen in a concentration of 1µg/mL. The sheep sera and the anti-sheep conjugated with peroxidase were used in 1:100 and 1:5000 dilutions, respectively. A total of 49 sheep sera were analyzed, where 14 were from asymptomatic animals and 35 were from negative animals. The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA-r1957 were analyzed on receiver operating characteristic (ROC).

Results and conclusion

The statistical analysis of the ELISA-rCP1957 results presented sensitivity and specificity values of 92.9% e 85.7%, respectively, when the absorbance cutoff value of 0.063 was used. Thus, we can conclude that the developed ELISA, using the recombinant protein CP1957 can be used for the CLA diagnoses with good levels of sensitivity and specificity.


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Foundation for Research Support of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS), through project No. 11/1894-0, and CNPq.

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Correspondence to Henrique Ramos Angelo.

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  • Receiver Operating Characteristic
  • Affinity Chromatography
  • Specific Diagnose
  • Small Ruminant
  • Indirect ELISA