The variation in the self-perceived quality of life and health care amongst smokers, passive smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers in Canada
© Beshay and Beshay 2015
Published: 27 October 2015
In 2012 nearly 20% of Canadians aged 12 and above had stated they smoked tobacco frequently, costing the health care system over $4.4 billion in health related illnesses. The aim of this study was to assess degrees of tobacco inhalation of smokers, non-smokers, ex-smokers, passive smokers and current smokers and their perceived quality of life and health.
The survey was conducted in the waiting room of two medical walk-in-clinics. The questionnaire comprised of four main aspects including age of the patient, identify themselves as a frequent smoker, a non-smoker (passive) who is regularly exposed to smoke, a past (ex-) smoker and a non-smoker who is not regularly exposed to tobacco smoke. Valid consent was obtained from the patients and patients under the age of 18 were not included in the study.
A total of 387 patients completed the survey including 198 non-smokers, 83 passive smokers, 51 ex-smokers and 55 current smokers. The oldest group was the ex-smokers of a mean age of 52.6 years and the youngest was the smokers at 36.6 years (p < 0.001). In between were the passive smokers at 43.6 years and non-smokers at 48.2 years (p= 0.002).
This research found that current smokers have a persistently lower self-reported quality of life and health care as compared with the other groups. It is also evident that patients who quit smoking do not suffer a loss in quality of life nor health compared to non-smokers. In addition, this research indicates that smoking not only impacts a patient's health, but their overall QoL as well.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.