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Melanoma skin cancer: could chromone derivatives be efficient chemopreventors?

BMC Proceedings20104(Suppl 2):P28

Published: 24 September 2010


MelanomaQuercetinMelanoma CellHuman SkinSkin Cancer

Melanoma is a highly metastatic tumour and its incidence has ranked 5th and 6th among the most common cancer afflicting both men and women. Melanoma cells have a diminished antioxidant potential compared to normal melanocytes, which leads to an accumulation of ROS [1]. 1,4-benzopyrone heterocyclic compounds are widely distributed in plants and are reported to exhibit several biological roles, including antioxidant and free radical scavenging [2], displaying a variety of pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammatory and antitumour [3]. The present study aimed to assess the response of the melanotic human skin melanoma (A375) cell line to treatment with 8 different benzopyran derivatives (eg. fisetin, luteolin and quercetin) - in the concentration range 12.5 - 100µM, for 24, 48 and 72h incubation periods (using the MTT assay). Reversibility of the drug effect (after 3 days) was also tested. Concomitantly, similar experiments were carried out for non-neoplasic, non-immortalised, human foreskin fibroblasts (BJ).

The results thus gathered allowed to conclude that the chromone derivatives are promising chemopreventive and/or chemotherapeutic agents towards melanoma, while having no considerable adverse effect against healthy cells.

Authors’ Affiliations

Research Unit “Molecular Physical Chemistry”, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal


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© Dias et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.