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Effect of inorganic nitrogen concentration in co-culture and regeneration media on Agrobacterium tumefaciens growth and on the regenerative capacity of transformed Pinus radiataembryonal mass

The Genetic Engineering program at Genomica Forestal SA, Chile (GFSA) has a goal of generating stably transformed radiata pine for in planta evaluation of candidate genes. Regeneration of transgenic plants depends mainly on two factors: regeneration ability of transformed cells and stable transgene integration and expression.

In several conifer species, including radiata pine, transgenics have been regenerated through cocultivation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens with embryogenic cells [13]. However, in our first experiments using MSG [4] culture medium we found that radiata pine embryonal masses did not recover easily after co cultivation and that there was an excessive overgrowth of bacterial cells in spite of using bacteriostatics in the medium. This impediment prompted our study on testing other culture medium formulations, routinely used in conifer somatic embryogenesis, on the growth of A. tumefaciens GV3101. The tested media were: MSG, DCR [5], and modified Litvay [6] MLV. Of the three media MSG supported significantly higher bacterial growth than the other two media. One of the major differences in the composition of these media is inorganic nitrogen concentration (NH4NO3 and KNO3). Compared with MLV and DCR, MSG has the lowest concentration of inorganic nitrogen (100 mgl-1 compared with 340 in DCR and 950 mgl-l in MLV) provided in the sole form of KNO3. Based on our results and the work of others, we concluded that low nitrate concentration in MSG medium promoted A. tumefaciens growth and this had a deleterious influence on the viability of radiata pine cells during co cultivation, and also rendered eradication of bacterial cells difficult. Comparison of growth of radiata pine embryonal mass on the three media did not show statistically significant differences. A strategy for producing transgenic radiata pine for in planta transgene expression and stability study will be presented.

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Correspondence to Regis Le-Feuvre.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Transgenic Plant
  • Somatic Embryogenesis
  • Agrobacterium Tumefaciens
  • Conifer Species
  • Regeneration Ability