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Apparent coordination of isocitrate dehydrogenase and glutamate decarboxylase expression in early stages of tree development
BMC Proceedings volume 5, Article number: P66 (2011)
The biosynthesis of 2-oxoglutarate and glutamate are key steps in the biosynthesis of nitrogen compounds and plant development. The reaction catalyzed by cytosolic isoenzyme of NADP+-linked isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is also considered as the main route in the production of 2-oxoglutarate. According to its expression pattern during development, IDH is also involved in other, yet unknown, processes [1, 2]. In addition to the importance of glutamate in the biosynthesis of nitrogen compounds, glutamate also serves as precursor of GABA, a molecule that is currently considered as a signal in higher plants. GABA is produced by the action of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), a cytosolic enzyme that is regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin and pH. In contrast to IDH, that it is encoded by just one gene in most of plant genomes , GAD is encoded by a small family of nuclear genes . The expression of IDH and GAD has been investigated during the differentiation of hypocotyl and stem in tree species. Our results indicate a coordination of the expression of IDH and GAD in developmental processes suggesting a role for 2-oxoglutarate supply and GABA synthesis during early stages of organ differentiation in trees.
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