Antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic extract of Guettarda sericeaagainst oral streptococci
© Teixeira et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 1 October 2014
The genus Guettarda (Rubiaceae) comprises plants widely distributed in tropical areas . Regarding the Guettarda sericea species, the literature shows that there is a lack of botanical and phytochemicals studies . Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial effect of ethanol extract of leaves of G. sericea (EEFGS) on the growth of Streptococcus oralis ATCC 10557 and S. salivarius ATCC 7073 in both the planktonic and biofilms states.
Different methods were employed to verify the antimicrobial potential. Among these are the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination of the death curve and evaluation of minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) . Furthermore, quantification of biomass and the number of viable cells of the biofilm were performed . The negative and positive controls used in all assays were respectively 4% DMSO and chlorhexidine gluconate. To determine the toxicity of EEFGS, it was used the toxicity test on Artemia nauplii .
Results and conclusions
The data showed that the extract has a remarkable antimicrobial effect, able to inhibit the growth of planktonic and development of biofilms of S. oralis strain until the concentration of 62.5 μg.mL-1. Regarding the toxicity, it was observed that death of Artemia nauplii occurred at higher concentrations than those that exhibited antibacterial effect. It can be concluded that EEFGS can be used as agents for the control of biofilm formation of S. oralis. In addition, complementary methodologies that seek purification of the active compounds and their cytotoxic effects on eukaryotic cells need to be held, aiming its use as an herbal agent.
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