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Adhesion and colonization of mesenchymal stem cells on polylactide or PLCL fibers dedicated for tissue engineering
© Balandras et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 4 December 2013
Tissue engineering covers a broad range of applications dedicated to the repair or the replacement of part or whole tissue such as blood vessels, bones, cartilages, ligaments, etc . Practically, a bio substitute, made with cells cultivated on scaffold, is needed. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are generally the most suitable cells for such application since they are self-renewable with a great potential for differentiation and immuno suppression . However, materials used for bio functional scaffold synthesis have to meet several criteria, such as biocompatibility and biodegradability. Thus, the aim of the study was to screen several biopolymers differing in their composition for their capability to promote adhesion and growth of MSC.
Materials and methods
Composition of co-polymers used in this study
70% D, L-LA
Fibres of polymers were electrospun on 4 cm2 cover glasses. Briefly, the polymer solutions are introduced into a syringe with various flow rates and an electrical field is applied, resulting in the formation of a polymer jet on cover glasses or on any surfaces. Then, cover glasses were put onto 6 wells plate before to be seeded with MSC. Then, cell adhesion and colonization of polymer fibres were monitored by microscopy and counted using Guava Viacount assay after trypsine treatment as already described .
Whatever the polymer used and the initial cell seeding, cells were able to adhere and to colonize fibres. A cell multiplication factor ranging from 6.5 to 22 was measured after 200 hours of culture depending on the polymer composition and the initial seeding. However, compared to the commercial PLCL, the total cell number was strongly increased with MKG 71 (21 and 50%), MKG 74 (34 and 34%) and MKG 58 (15 and 40%) whereas a moderate growth was observed with MKG 64 (9 and 30%) at an initial seeding of 10 000 and 60 000 cells respectively. MKG 70 did not improve the cell growth compared to the commercial polymer (> 5% for both seeding).
In this study, porcine MSC were cultivated on various (co)polymers made with lactic acid (L and/or D) and/or caprolactone. Our results demonstrated that composition of these (co)polymers strongly influences MSC growth and colonization. Indeed, polymers such as MKG 58, 71 and 74 appeared to promote MSC growth contrary to other polymers tested, i;e MKG 64 and MKG 70, compared to the commercial one. Therefore, MKG 58, 71 and 74 could be favoured for further scaffold synthesis.
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