Generation of novel microcarrier for expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells
© Splan et al. 2015
Published: 14 December 2015
Multipotent stem cells have been isolated from multiple sources including, bone marrow, adipose tissue, placenta, umbilical cord and cardiac tissue. It is predicted that large numbers of therapeutically-active cells isolated from these tissue sources will be required to treat patients inflicted with various disorders. Experimental evidence suggests that these various cell types can exhibit distinct characteristics depending upon tissue source and method of expansion: differential expression of cellular markers is sometimes detected, doubling times and expansion limits can differ, and physical differences that influence the ability of cells to adhere to various synthetic surfaces are observed. A novel prototype microcarrier recently developed by Pall promotes rapid attachment and growth of multiple cell types in stirred-tank reactors. Additionally, peptide-coating provides an alternative animal component-free substrate for cell expansion. These desirable attributes manifest in both serum-containing and animal component-free medium formulations.
Materials and methods
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells expanded on this new microcarrier type reached acceptable cell densities in spinner cultures under a variety of environmental conditions. Harvest efficiencies achieved in small scale cultures were excellent, and cell identity was maintained. Conditions optimized in small-scale spinners were successfully employed in environmentally-controlled bioreactor. Cell harvesting optimization studies at larger scale are currently underway. Results to-date indicate that this novel microcarrier type will provide a superior substrate for large-scale propagation of MSCs under various environmental conditions.
In conclusion, two novel animal protein-free microcarrier types that support excellent attachment and growth of human mesenchymal stem cells were generated; optimal surface charge density which promotes rapid cell attachment and subsequent growth was identified; peptide concentrations and coating conditions that support efficient growth of hMSCs were identified; excellent growth of cells was achieved; cell harvest at small scale demonstrated efficient removal of cells with standard enzymatic treatment; cell growth on novel microcarrier types was similar to that achieved with commercially-available collagen-coated microcarriers; environmental conditions were optimized to support excellent growth and harvest efficiencies from two liter bioreactors yielded reached 1 to 2.5 billion cells. Excellent harvest efficiencies from microcarriers were obtained using enzymatic treatment and application of moderate shear force. Harvest efficiencies of 97% with >95% viability were obtained with hMSC. Human mesenchymal stem cells retained the ability to differentiate into adipocytes and osteocytes after growth on novel microcarrier types.
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